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李 强,付步礼,刘晓亮,等.滴灌施药技术防治香蕉黄胸蓟马应用展望[J].农学学报,2018,8(4):14-18.刘晓亮,et al.Controlling Thrips hawaiiensis of Banana: Application Prospect of Pesticides Through Drip Irrigation[J].Journal of Agriculture,2018,8(4):14-18
滴灌施药技术防治香蕉黄胸蓟马应用展望
Controlling Thrips hawaiiensis of Banana: Application Prospect of Pesticides Through Drip Irrigation
投稿时间:2017-05-05  修订日期:2017-09-30
DOI:10.11923/j.issn.2095-4050.cjas17050006
中文关键词: 黄胸蓟马  农作物  滴灌施药
英文关键词: Thrips hawaiiensis  Crop  Applying pesticides through drip irrigation
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基金项目:“广西优势特色水果滴灌法施药技术研究与示范”(桂科AB16380118)。
作者单位E-mail
李 强 广西大学农业环境与农产品安全重点实验室培育基地 liqiang016@126.com 
付步礼 中国热带农业科学院环境与植物保护研究所 775644720@qq.com 
刘晓亮 广西大学 15878752064@qq.com 
唐文伟 广西大学 125188476@qq.com 
唐良德 中国热带农业科学院环境与植物保护研究所 914796665@qq.com 
刘 奎 中国热带农业科学院环境与植物保护研究所 lk0750@163.com 
曾东强 广西大学农业环境与农产品安全重点实验室培育基地 zengdq550@163.com 
中文摘要:
      滴灌施药就是通过滴灌管将药剂输送至作物根系周围土壤中的一种施药方法,根据作物生长需要和植物保护需求精准、适时、适量用药。目前,黄胸蓟马是国内外香蕉产区上的重要害虫,常隐匿在花蕾为害。常规喷施杀虫剂时,由于花蕾的阻隔作用很难有效防治,通过土壤滴施内吸性杀虫剂可以精准防控。因此,滴灌施药在黄胸蓟马防治上具有广阔的应用前景。本文结合滴灌技术在农业上的应用、滴灌施药在农作物害虫防治上的研究进展、香蕉黄胸蓟马为害及防治现状,分析香蕉黄胸蓟马滴灌施药防治存在的问题,展望滴灌法施药在香蕉黄胸蓟马防治上的应用前景进行综述,旨在为滴灌法施药技术在防治香蕉黄胸蓟马上的研究与应用提供参考。
英文摘要:
      To study the drip irrigation technology for control of Thrips hawaiiensis of banana, the application status of drip irrigation technology in agriculture and the research progress of drip irrigation technology for pest control in agriculture are reviewed, and the prospect of control of T. hawaiiensis by using drip irrigation is analyzed. The drip irrigation technology has rapidly developed in facility agriculture, providing the feasibility on further study and promotion of pesticides application through drip irrigation. At present, controlling soil harmful microorganisms via drip irrigation system has been widely reported, but little is known on foliar pests control. In addition, T. hawaiiensis is serious on banana, however, there is lack of effective measures to control the pest so far. Thus, using insecticides through drip irrigation application system to control T. hawaiiensis provides a novel application method, and this exhibits a potential of pest management in the future. Overall, further study is needed to clarify the efficiency and technical parameters when insecticides are applied through drip irrigation for control of T. hawaiiensis in banana plantation, moreover, the assessment of pesticide residues and food safety risks are also needed.
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