• 首页期刊简介编委会投稿须知论文规范与要求
余继华,张敏荣,钟列权,等.台州柑橘黄龙病亚洲种及亚洲柑橘木虱防控研究[J].农学学报,2018,8(4):8-13.,et al.Prevention and Control of Taizhou Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus and Diaphorina citri from 2002 to 2017: A Review[J].Journal of Agriculture,2018,8(4):8-13
台州柑橘黄龙病亚洲种及亚洲柑橘木虱防控研究
Prevention and Control of Taizhou Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus and Diaphorina citri from 2002 to 2017: A Review
投稿时间:2017-08-03  修订日期:2017-08-16
DOI:10.11923/j.issn.2095-4050.cjas17080001
中文关键词: 柑橘黄龙病亚洲种  亚洲柑橘木虱  发生为害规律  带菌量变化  防控措施
英文关键词: Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus  Diaphorina citri Kuwayama  destructive regularity  variation in pathogen  prevention control techniques
摘要点击次数: 357
全文下载次数: 152
基金项目:农业部公益性行业(农业)科研专项经费项目“柑橘黄龙病和溃疡病综合防控技术研究与示范”(201003067);科技部星火计划“健身栽培减 轻柑橘黄龙病发生技术推广”(2013571);浙江省科技计划项目“柑橘黄龙病监测与防控策略研究”(2004C32087)。
作者单位E-mail
余继华 浙江省台州市黄岩区植物检疫站 yo5428@zjip.com 
张敏荣 浙江省台州市黄岩区植物检疫站 278777534@qq.com 
钟列权 台州市植物保护检疫站 961672250@qq.com 
杨晓 浙江省台州市黄岩区植物检疫站 304149730@qq.com 
李萍 台州市黄岩区农业林业局 296141230@qq.com 
卢璐 浙江省台州市黄岩区植物检疫站 289511937@qq.com 
张宁 浙江省台州市黄岩区植物检疫站 460079335@qq.com 
陶健 浙江省台州市黄岩区植物检疫站 61366576@qq.com 
中文摘要:
      文章主要回顾阐述2002—2017 年台州对柑橘黄龙病亚洲种和亚洲柑橘木虱防控研究结果。指出黄龙病在果园空间分布入侵初期呈均匀分布,后呈聚集分布,亚洲柑橘木虱在果园内也呈聚集分布状态;认为黄龙病对柑橘产量与品质影响是随着病级的上升增加。得出黄龙病疫情自然入侵扩散流行呈周期性变化规律,建立积年发病率(PI)与入侵年数(N)模型I=84.6740/[1+EXP(3.540-0.5838X)](n=14,r=0.9946**);检测发现黄龙病树体内和亚洲柑橘木虱带菌量在11 月和12 月最高,亚洲柑橘木虱带菌率同样以12 月最高。提出防治亚洲柑橘木虱除抓好春夏秋三梢期外,冬季和初春清园也是一个重要环节。台州探索实践的“九坚持”和“三防五关”防控模式对黄龙病防控和柑橘产业的可持续发展起到了积极作用,可在相似柑橘生态区推广应用。
英文摘要:
      This paper mainly reviewed some researches on prevention and control of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus and Diaphorina citri in Taizhou from 2002 to 2017. It was found that the population of citrus HLB was distributed evenly in citrus orchards at the early stage of invasion, but subsequently developed in the pattern of aggregation. Accordingly, the population of Diaphorina citri belonged to the pattern of aggregation distribution. The effect on production and quality of citrus increased with the severe degree of citrus HLB. In conclusion, the pattern of invasion and epidemic diffusion of citrus HLB had a periodic change. A model between the cumulative incidence of HLB (PI) and its invasion year (N) was constructed as follows: PI=84.6740/[1+EXP (3.540-0.5838X)](n=14, r=0.9946**). In addition, tests showed that the pathogen population of Diaphorina citri in infected trees reached a peak in November and December. Meanwhile, the pathogen-carrying rate reached the highest in December as well. As a result, with the exception of three shoot stages (spring, summer and autumn), cleaning orchard in winter and early spring would also be an important part for controlling the citrus psyllid vectors. The“nine principles”and“three critical prevention periods and five tests”prevention and control technologies, which were explored and practiced by Taizhou, could play a positive role in the sustainable development of HLB control and citrus industry. These technologies can be popularized and applied to the similar citrus ecological zones.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器