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刘敏,张宏雨,陈利平,薛丽,田雨超,王福乐,等.2017昌平草莓质量安全调查分析报告[J].农学学报,2018,8(5):15-20.张宏雨,陈利平,et al.Quality Safety Survey of Strawberry in Changping District in 2017[J].Journal of Agriculture,2018,8(5):15-20
2017昌平草莓质量安全调查分析报告
Quality Safety Survey of Strawberry in Changping District in 2017
投稿时间:2017-09-29  修订日期:2017-12-06
DOI:10.11923/j.issn.2095-4050.cjas17090024
中文关键词: 昌平草莓、农药残留、重金属、质量安全
英文关键词: CHANGPING Strawberry, Pesticide  Residue, Heavy  Metal, Quality  and Security
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基金项目:2017 农产品质量安全监测项目(2017-612301011-000001)。
作者单位E-mail
刘敏 北京市昌平区农产品监测检测中心 29054726@qq.com 
张宏雨 北京市昌平区农产品监测检测中心 29054726@qq.com 
陈利平 北京市昌平区农产品监测检测中心 29054726@qq.com 
薛丽 北京市昌平区农产品监测检测中心 29054726@qq.com 
田雨超 北京市昌平区农产品监测检测中心 29054726@qq.com 
王福乐 北京市昌平区农产品监测检测中心 29054726@qq.com 
中文摘要:
      为了解昌平草莓质量安全状况,2017年1-5月抽取459个草莓样品,覆盖昌平区78个规模生产基地、303个农户,对有机氯、菊酯类、氨基甲酸酯类35种农药残留和汞砷铅镉铜铬6种重金属元素进行检测。结果显示:检出11种农药、未发现农残超标样品,依据昌平草莓农药实际使用情况将异丙威、百菌清、腐霉利划分为中风险农药;发现1个镉元素超标样品,并将镉划分为中风险元素;规模基地在农药残留、重金属污染方面检测情况好于农户。通过对检测数据进行分析,昌平草莓仍存在一定风险,今后还应该增加检测项目、引进检测仪器、优化检测方法、强化监测力度,同时加强草莓科学管理。
英文摘要:
      To investigate the quality safety of strawberry in Changping district, 459 strawberry samples were selected randomly from January to May in 2017, covering 78 scale production bases and 303 farmer households in Changping. Several tests were conducted on 6 heavy metal elements including mercury, arsenic, lead, cadmium, copper and chrome, as well as 35 kinds of pesticide residues including organic chlorine, pyrethroid, carbamate, etc. Results showed that 11 pesticides were detected without excessive residue samples, and according to the actual usage of pesticide in strawberry production in Changping, isoprocarb, chlorothalonil and procymidone were classified as the medium risk pesticides; excessive cadmium was found in one sample, so cadmium was also classified as the medium risk element; test results of pesticide residue and heavy metal pollution in scale bases were better than that in farmer households. By analyzing testing data, the study indicates that Changping strawberry is still under certain risks which can be reduced by increasing test items, introducing test instruments, optimizing test methods and more monitoring with scientific management in strawberry production.
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