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高德学,杨光,孙会杰,等.播期和种植密度对芝麻性状及产量的影响[J].农学学报,2018,8(10):1-6.,et al.Effect of Sowing Date and Planting Density on Characters and Yield of Sesame[J].Journal of Agriculture,2018,8(10):1-6
播期和种植密度对芝麻性状及产量的影响
Effect of Sowing Date and Planting Density on Characters and Yield of Sesame
投稿时间:2018-04-16  修订日期:2018-06-14
DOI:10.11923/j.issn.2095-4050.cjas18040016
中文关键词: 芝麻  播期  种植密度  生育期  产量构成因子  产量
英文关键词: Sesame  Sowing Date  Plant Density  Growth Period  Yield Factors  Yield
摘要点击次数: 70
全文下载次数: 43
基金项目:国家特色油料产业技术体系芝麻辽阳综合试验站(CARS-14-2-11)。
作者单位E-mail
高德学 辽宁省经济作物研究所,辽宁 辽阳 11000 gaodexue2005@163.com 
杨光 辽宁省经济作物研究所,辽宁 辽阳 11000 276132634@qq.com 
孙会杰 辽宁省经济作物研究所,辽宁 辽阳 11000 shj246@163.com 
那艳斌 辽宁省经济作物研究所,辽宁 辽阳 11000 390710395@qq.com 
程洪森 辽宁省经济作物研究所,辽宁 辽阳 11000 chs_6@163.com 
中文摘要:
      为了探索辽宁地区的栽培管理技术,本试验以‘辽芝7 号’为试材,采用随机区组设计,设4 个播期和6 个种植密度处理,调查生育期、产量构成因子及产量。结果表明:不同播期对芝麻的生育进程和生育期均有影响,随着播期的延迟,缩短了从出苗到现蕾的营养生长时间和开花期,生育期相应缩短。不同播期、不同种植密度对产量影响均达到极显著水平,对产量构成因子中的单株蒴果数影响显著,对蒴粒数和千粒重影响不显著,但随着播期延迟和种植密度增加,蒴粒数和千粒重均呈下降趋势。综上,在北方一年一熟制春播区的辽宁芝麻种植区适宜5月10—20日播种,种植密度为15万~22.5万株/hm2。
英文摘要:
      To explore the cultivation technology of sesame in Liaoning,‘Liaozhi 7’was used as the material, and a random block experiment was conducted with 4 sowing dates and 6 planting densities. The growth period, yield composition factor and yield were investigated. The results showed that different sowing dates affected the growth process and growth period of sesame. The vegetative growth time from seedling to squaring stage and the flowering period were shortened along with the delaying of the sowing date, and the growth period was also shortened. Different sowing dates and planting densities affected yield significantly, for the yield factors, the effect on the number of capsule per plant was significant, while that on capsule number and 1000- grain weight was not significant. With the delaying of sowing date and the increase of density, the number of capsule grains and the weight of 1000 grains decreased. All together, in spring sowing areas of Liaoning, the suitable sowing date is May 10 to 20, and the optimum density is 15.0×104-22.5×104 seedlings/hm2.
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